My husband and I recently took a class covering infant/youth CPR and choking. It’s pretty scary to think about your child having a life threatening situation, but it is important to know what to do than not.
The American Red Cross recently made some changes to CPR procedures and made it easier. The breath/chest compression numbers are the same from infant to adult with the main difference being the amount of pressure on the compression. For infants use 2 fingers, for children use one hand and for adults use both hands.
There is no substitute for proper training. However, emergencies wait for no one. Use these steps to provide CPR to babies under 1 year old.
Time Required: As long as it takes
1. Try to wake the infant/child
Really little babies respond well having the soles of their feet rubbed or tapped. For children more than 1 year old, tap their shoulder or chest. In either case, call out his name in a loud voice. Don’t hurt the baby but be aggressive; you’re trying to wake him up.
If the infant does not wake up, have someone call 911 immediately. If no one else is available to call 911 and the baby is not breathing, continue to step 3 and do CPR for about 2 minutes before calling 911.
2. Begin chest compressions
If the baby is not breathing, put two fingers on the breastbone directly between the baby’s nipples. Push straight down about an inch and a half — or about a third of the thickness of the baby’s chest — and then let the chest all the way back up. Do that 30 times, about twice per second.
If you’ve been trained in CPR and you remember how to give rescue breaths, go to step 3. If not, just keep doing chest compressions and go to step 4.
3. Give the baby two breaths
After pushing on the chest 30 times, cover the baby’s entire mouth and nose with your mouth and gently blow until you see his or her chest rise. Let the air escape — the chest will go back down — and give one more breath.
If no air goes in when you try to blow, adjust the baby’s head and try again. If that doesn’t work, then skip it and go back to chest compressions (step 3), you can try rescue breaths again after 30 more compressions.
4. Keep doing CPR and call 911 after 2 minutes
If you are by yourself, keep doing CPR for 2 minutes (about 5 groups of compressions) before calling 911. If someone else is there or comes along as you are doing CPR, have that person call 911. Even if the baby wakes up, you need to call 911 any time you had to do CPR.
Once 911 has been called or you have someone else calling, keep doing CPR. Don’t stop until help arrives or the baby wakes up.